Foggy Bottom Real Estate Analysis

Features


The name Foggy Bottom often is used as a metonym for the United States Department of State because its headquarters is in the neighborhood, as are the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts; Friendship Lodge Odd Fellows Hall; and the infamous Watergate complex, site of the Watergate burglaries which led to President Richard Nixon‘s resignation. GWU has grown significantly over the past decades and now covers much of the neighborhood, which has many historic old homes and numerous mid-rise apartment buildings.

The southern edge of Foggy Bottom is home to many federal government offices, including the State Department. The Main Interior Building (headquarters of the Department of the Interior), the Bureau of Indian Affairs headquarters, and the Federal Reserve Board buildings all lie on or around Virginia Avenue. To the east lies the Eisenhower Executive Office Building, home to the Executive Office of the President of the United States and the Office of the Vice President of the United States. On the other side of the office is the White House, which is not in the neighborhood.

Foggy Bottom is also home to numerous international and American organizations. The World Bank buildings, the International Finance Corporation, the International Monetary Fund, the Office of Personnel ManagementDAR Constitution Hall of the Daughters of the American Revolution, the American Pharmacists Association, the American Red Cross National Headquarters, thePan American Health Organization, and the Organization of American States are all located in the neighborhood. In addition, the Mexican and Spanish Embassies are located in Foggy Bottom, both on Pennsylvania Avenue.

Culture


Just south of the Watergate Complex on the Potomac River lies the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. The Kennedy Center is the home of the National Symphony Orchestra and numerous other theatrical and musical exhibitions. At the eastern edge of the neighborhood is the Corcoran Gallery of Art, whose permanent collection contains works from RembrandtEugène DelacroixEdgar DegasThomas GainsboroughJohn Singer SargentClaude MonetPablo PicassoEdward HopperWillem de KooningJoan MitchellGene Davis, among others. On Virginia Avenue is the Simon Bolivar Memorial. George Washington University’s Lisner Auditorium and Smith Center are frequently home to major concerts, as is DAR Constitution Hall.

The Smith Center has been home to performances such as:


Mat Kearney

Jewel (singer)

BeBe Winans

- Ballet Flamenco de Andalucia

Bill O’Reilly and Jon Stewart ”Rumble In The Air-Conditioned Auditorium”

- Nathalie Paulin and Stephanie Blythe and the Washington Concert Opera Orchestra

Gilberto Gil

- Washington Concert Opera

Ken Burns

Ron Paul

 

History


In 1765, the German town of Hamburg was established on what would become the area between 24th and 18th NW Street. Jacob Funk (also known as Jacob Funck), the recorded founder of Hamburg was said to have bought the land and divide into 287 lots of land.  There are reported to be two more founders of the town of Hamburg, Robert Peter and James Linigan. The three had control of the land until 1791 when the territories were given to the city of Washington and the United States government. In the town of Hamburg, a German community was founded by many German immigrants who had left Europe had moved to. In 1768, Funk sold two lots of territory to both the German Lutheran community as well as to the German Presbyterian community. The lot that was sold to the German Lutherans was located on the corner of 20th and G Street. The lot sold to the German Presbyterians was located on the southeast corner of 22nd and G Street. The Lutheran lot would not be in use till the year 1833 and the Presbyterian until the 1880. The lot that was sold to the German Lutheran community was turned into the Concordia German Church.

Foggy Bottom was once a community of white and black laborers employed at the nearby breweries, glass plants, and city gas works. These industrial facilities are also cited as a possible reason for the neighborhood’s name, the “fog” being the smoke given off by the industries. The historic neighborhood is preserved and listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

The Foggy Bottom area was the site of one of the earliest settlements in what is now the District of Columbia, when German settler Jacob Funk subdivided 130 acres (0.53 km2) near the meeting place of the Potomac River and Rock Creek in 1763. The settlement officially was named Hamburgh, but colloquially was called Funkstown, and attracted few settlers until the 1850s, when more industrial enterprises came into the area. Funk also set aside land in Hamburgh for a German-speaking congregation in 1768. Concordia German Evangelical Church, located at 1920 G Street NW was finally founded in 1833. Today the congregation is The United Church, and is the oldest religious community remaining in Foggy Bottom.


Foggy Bottom was also the name of a line of beer by the Olde Heurich Brewing Company, which was founded near Dupont Circle in 1873 by German immigrant Christian Heurich. In addition to its main brand, Heurich, Olde Heurich’s most successful products bore such local names as Senate and Old Georgetown. During the 1950s, Heurich Brewing also sponsored the city’s professional baseball team, the Washington Senators. Industry consolidation led the brewery to cease operations in 1956. In 1961–1962, the brewery buildings were razed to make way for the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. Heurich, Jr., and his two sisters donated a portion of the brewery land to the Kennedy Center in memory of their parents, and established the Christian Heurich Family as one of the Founders of the national cultural center. Although the firm was founded in the Foggy Bottom neighborhood, the modern beer was brewed in UticaNew York.

Since 1912, Foggy Bottom has been the site of The George Washington University’s main campus, which has grown to encompass 42 acres of the area.

The United States Department of State gained the metonym ”Foggy Bottom” when it moved into the neighborhood in 1947.

 

Alley Life


Foggy Bottom, along with the rest of Washington D.C, was designed using the L’Enfant Plan, which created squares of housing with open space left in the middle. Foggy Bottom’s alley life issue emerged during the 1860s when an influx of Irish and German immigrants attempted to move into Foggy Bottom. This influx was a result of the large amount of industrial buildings that were located in Foggy Bottom. There were no immediate houses available for these new immigrants, so they were forced to move into the uninhabited alleys that were located in the middle of the squares. The situation became worse after the Civil War when a wave of newly freed blacks moved to Washington and began populating the alleys.

Construction of the alleys continued until 1892 because the government needed to reduce overcrowding in residential areas. For the next decade, the government largely left the alleys untouched. However, at the turn of the 20th century, the government began relegating more responsibilities and authority to the Health Department, which began demolishing the alleys because of the copious amounts of crime and disease. The living conditions of the inhabitants were quite abysmal, with half of the population sharing or having no toilet facilities. Furthermore, crime was a major problem; a section of Foggy Bottom was nicknamed “Round Tops” because of a well-known gang that was active in the area.

The following decades showed an improvement in the overall living conditions in the alleys of Foggy Bottom. The Health Department’s effort to reduce crime and overcrowding largely succeeded until the 1920’s, when prohibition began being enforced. Because breweries were a major source of income for the inhabitants of Foggy Bottom, prohibition created a new wave of lower-class workers who flocked to the alleys to set up bootleg liquor stores. During this time, the German and the Irish immigrants that had been prevalent since the 1860s began to move out.


In 1934, after conditions in the alley had deteriorated, the government created the Alley Dwelling Authority, a new government entity that specifically dealt with improving Washington D.C.’s alleys. The ADA was authorized to demolish or redevelop any alley if it was deemed to be worth saving or not. The addition of the ADA and the arrival of the Department of State began to improve the living conditions in the alleys over time.


The ADA was given the task of evaluating homes and streets to see if they met proper living conditions. Specific documentation would state the reasons why the area needed to be renovated. This documentation would then be sent from the authority to legislation for approval, individuals in legislation included but not exclusively, Eleanor Roosevelt. Common reasons as to why an area needed to be renovated were: excess of individuals in one home, too many African Americans in and around the area, or the exterior was fading. After the ADA gained approval from legislation, it would then give the occupants of the houses anywhere from two to four months to find a new home. By July 1, 1944, all of the houses in Foggy Bottom had been evacuated and plans were set forward for renovation. This act sought to produce larger living spaces for individuals with better conditions, so that the owners could charge more for rent. Higher rent prices were acceptable at the time because of a boom in available jobs, which created a more competitive supply and demand market for housing. Monthly rent usually ranged anywhere from seventeen dollars to thirty-seven dollars. These prices fluctuated often because of the available jobs and the condition of the houses. Older houses were typically cheaper than new homes, some of which had running water, gas heaters and cooling systems. Statistics suggest that, on average, the greater wealth arose from the majority of white residents, but also that black wealth was steadily increasing due to new job patterns.

 

The West Station Works


In 1856, the West Station Works, a plant owned and operated by the Washington Gas Light corporation, began being constructed at the intersections of 26th and G St. NW. The construction began the development of the area now occupied by the Watergate building, as well as Foggy Bottom as a whole. The location was chosen for its proximity to the Potomac river, which made it convenient to unload barges of coal for the plant. The daily operation of the West Station Works attracted laborers to the area, most of them unskilled. By 1860, the unskilled population in Foggy Bottom was at 42%, compared to 9% in 1850. The influx of people spurred development in the area, and 40 years after the works were completed, the area fit the description of a proper city. In 1948, the area of land occupied by the West Station Works was purchased by the Watergate Project. The plant was demolished, and the Watergate complex was constructed on the same plot of land. Today, there is no physical remnant of the plant.Change in Demographics

Later into the 20th century, Foggy Bottom witnessed a drastic change in demographics. There was a racial transformation within the area, as a white revival emerged. Many different factors forced out the black population, including the Foggy Bottom Taxpayers Protective Association opposing federal intervention. The renovations enacted by the Alley Dwelling Authority rendered the former inhabitants displaced. Similarly, the West End witnessed the same changes. Another factor of the change in demographics was orchestrated by Theodore G. Bilbo, who called for an “Alley Moving Day” forcing the black population out of the alleys.

 

Reactions of Renovation from Residents


Resident antidotes suggest that after the Alley Dwelling Authority stepped in, dwellers were satisfied. At first, the common talk was about the need of improvement, as resident Nate Grosa said “ We knew something had to change, and we sort of went aboard with blind faith”.  Their desperation led them to having a blind faith which allowed open mindedness. In the late 1970’s, it was recorded that individuals were pleased with the towns transformation. Many individuals were saying things like “ we live in an area. I consider it, right now, to be one of the most pleasant and diverse neighborhoods in town” and “ what remains of the old building is, I’m afraid, also the things that promotes the present diversity”. Both anecdotes taken from Washington Post article by Nita Nickerson express the change in mood. This was a positive result of the government’s actions.

 

For more information on Foggy Bottom, visit its Wikipedia page.

Foggy Bottom, Washington Real Estate Listings

Active Listings in Foggy Bottom, Washington

2030 F ST NW, Unit 103 Washington, DC 20006
1 bed 1 bath 457 sqft $1,725
2515 K ST NW, Unit 204 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 2515 K ST NW, Unit 204, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8322835)
1 bed 1 bath 772 sqft $324,950
730 24TH ST NW, Unit 508 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 730 24TH ST NW, Unit 508, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8318867)
0 beds 1 bath 533 sqft $194,900
2475 VIRGINIA AVE NW, Unit 821 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 2475 VIRGINIA AVE NW, Unit 821, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8316999)
2 beds 2 baths 1,650 sqft $535,000
818 NEW HAMPSHIRE AVE NW Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 818 NEW HAMPSHIRE AVE NW, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8315657)
2 beds 2 baths $849,000
730 24TH ST NW, Unit 305 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 730 24TH ST NW, Unit 305, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8312779)
1 bed 1 bath 730 sqft $270,000
950 25TH ST NW, Unit 1005-N Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 950 25TH ST NW, Unit 1005-N, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8311524)
1 bed 1 bath $2,200
950 25TH ST NW, Unit 703-N Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 950 25TH ST NW, Unit 703-N, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8311522)
1 bed 1 bath $2,300
950 25TH ST NW, Unit 210N Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 950 25TH ST NW, Unit 210N, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8309329)
1 bed 1 bath 700 sqft $295,000
2600 PENNSYLVANIA AVE NW, Unit 201 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 2600 PENNSYLVANIA AVE NW, Unit 201, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8303845)
2 beds 2 baths 1,066 sqft $875,000
700 NEW HAMPSHIRE AVE NW, Unit 514 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 700 NEW HAMPSHIRE AVE NW, Unit 514, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8302597)
1 bed 1 bath 932 sqft $389,500
2500 VIRGINIA AVE NW, Unit 1401-SOUTH Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 2500 VIRGINIA AVE NW, Unit 1401-SOUTH, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8299912)
2 beds 3 baths 2,870 sqft $1,999,999
955 26TH ST NW, Unit 806 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 955 26TH ST NW, Unit 806, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8298854)
0 beds 1 bath 564 sqft $1,999
2500 VIRGINIA AVE NW, Unit 1403-S Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 2500 VIRGINIA AVE NW, Unit 1403-S, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8297057)
4 beds 5 baths 4,335 sqft $2,000,000
2030 F ST NW, Unit 412 Washington, DC 20006
Photo of 2030 F ST NW, Unit 412, Washington, DC 20006 (MLS # DC8296932)
0 beds 1 bath 467 sqft $279,900

Sold Listings in Foggy Bottom, Washington

2030 F St Nw #111 Washington, DC 20006
Photo of 2030 F St Nw #111, Washington, DC 20006 (MLS # DC8302808)
0 beds 1 bath 485 sqft $0
955 26th St Nw #112 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 955 26th St Nw #112, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8283831)
2 beds 2 baths 1,500 sqft $0
955 26th St Nw #401 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 955 26th St Nw #401, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8274753)
2 beds 2 baths 1,246 sqft $0
803 25th St Nw Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 803 25th St Nw, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8273980)
2 beds 1 bath $0
522 21st St Nw #307 Washington, DC 20006
Photo of 522 21st St Nw #307, Washington, DC 20006 (MLS # DC8273739)
1 bed 1 bath 438 sqft $0
950 25th St Nw #107n Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 950 25th St Nw #107n, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8270474)
1 bed 1 bath 725 sqft $0
3 Washington Cir Nw #606 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 3 Washington Cir Nw #606, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8267115)
1 bed 2 baths 977 sqft $0
2141 I St Nw #314 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 2141 I St Nw #314, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8263925)
1 bed 1 bath $0
2700 Virginia Ave Nw #301 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 2700 Virginia Ave Nw #301, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8261266)
4 beds 4 baths 2,740 sqft $0
922 24th St Nw #209 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 922 24th St Nw #209, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8261117)
0 beds 1 bath 507 sqft $0
730 24th St Nw #414 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 730 24th St Nw #414, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8259759)
1 bed 1 bath 750 sqft $0
2515 K St Nw #104 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 2515 K St Nw #104, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8258935)
1 bed 1 bath 772 sqft $0
2515 K ST NW, Unit 104 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 2515 K ST NW, Unit 104, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8258935)
1 bed 1 bath 772 sqft $324,500
700 New Hampshire Ave Nw #1216 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 700 New Hampshire Ave Nw #1216, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8252191)
2 beds 2 baths 1,355 sqft $0
950 25th St Nw #813n Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 950 25th St Nw #813n, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8250617)
0 beds 1 bath 445 sqft $0

Walk Score for Foggy Bottom, Washington



Foggy Bottom, Washington School Data

Washington School Districts

District of Columbia Public Schools
PK-12 & ungraded
http://dcps.dc.gov/portal/site/DCPS/
Cesar Chavez Public Charter Schools for Public Policy
9-12
http://www.chavezschools.org/
Community Academy Public Charter School (Capcs)
K-8
http://www.capcs.org/
Next Step Public Charter School Agency
10-12 & ungraded
Carlos Rosario International PCS
n/a
Eagle Academy PCS
PK-3
Two Rivers Public Charter School Agency
PK-8
Appletree Early Learning Center PCS
PK
Bridges PCS
PK-1
Early Childhood Academy PCS
PK-3
LAYC Youth Build PCS
10-12 & ungraded
The William E. Doar, Junior Public Charter School for the Performing Arts
PK-5
http://www.wedjschool.us/
Education Strengthens Families (ESF) PCS
PK
Washington Latin Public Charter School
9-12
http://www.edline.net/pages/Washington_Latin_PCS
Septima Clark PCS
PK-6
Arts & Technology Academy PCS
PK-5
Booker T. Washington PCS
9-12 & ungraded
Capital City PCS
PK-8
Cesar Chavez Public Charter Schools for Public Policy
6-12
http://www.chavezschools.org/
Community Academy Public Charter School (CAPCS)
PK-8
http://www.capcs.org/
DC Bilingual PCS
PK-5
DC Prep Public Charter School
PK-8
http://www.dcprep.org/
E.L. Haynes PCS
PK-10
Friendship Public Charter School
PK-12
http://www.friendshipschools.org/
Imagine Hope Community Charter School
PK-8
http://www.hopecommunitycs.org/
Hospitality PCHS
9-12
Cedar Tree Academy Public Charter School
K
http://www.howardroadacademy.org/
Howard Univ. Math & Science Middle School
6-8
Hyde Leadership PCS
PK-12
Idea PCS
7-12
Ideal Academy Public Charter School
PK-8
https://www.iapcs.com/
KIPP PCS
PK-12
Lamb PCS
PK-5
Mary McLeod Bethune
PK-8
Maya Angelou PCS
6-12 & ungraded
Meridian PCS
PK-8
Nia Community PCS
PK-6
Options PCS
6-12
Paul PCS
6-9
Potomac PCS
PK-7
Roots PCS
PK-8
Sail PCS
K-8
Seed PCS
6-12
St. Coletta PCS
PK-12 & ungraded
E. Whitlow Stokes PCS
PK-6
Thurgood Marshall PCS
9-12
Tree of Life Community PCS
PK-8
Two Rivers PCS
PK-8
http://www.tworiverspcs.org/
Washington Latin Public Charter School
9-12
http://www.edline.net/pages/Washington_Latin_PCS
Washington Math Science PCS
9-12
The William E. Doar, Jr. Public Charter School for the Performing Arts
PK-12
http://www.wedjschool.us/
Achievement Preparatory Academy PCS
4-8
Center City PCS
PK-8
http://www.centercitypcs.org/
Imagine Southeast
PK-7
National Collegiate Preparatory PCS
9-12
Washington Yu Ying PCS
PK-5
Excel Academy PCS
PK-4
Inspired Teaching Demonstration PCS
PK-4
Shining Stars Montessori PCS
PK-1
Richard Wright PCS for Journalism and Media Arts PCS
8-12
BASIS DC PCS
5-8
Creative Minds PCS
PK-2
DC Scholars PCS
PK-3
Mundo Verde Bilingual PCS
PK-1
Ingenuity Preparatory
n/a
Sela PCS
n/a
Somerset PCS
n/a

Washington Schools

Murch Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/murch
Moten Elementary School
PK, 1-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/moten
Montgomery Elementary School
PK-6, public
Miner Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/miner
Meyer Elementary School
PK-5, public
Merritt Middle School
PK-8, public
McGogney Elementary School
PK-6, public
Roosevelt High School @ MacFarland
9-12, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/roosevelt
M.C. Terrell / McGogney Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/mc-terrell
Takoma Education Campus
PK-8, public
http://www.takomaec.org
Stanton Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/stanton
Duke Ellington School of the Arts
9-12 & ungraded, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/ellington
Sousa Middle School
6-8, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/sousa
Shaw Middle School @ Garnet-Patterson
6-8, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/shaw
Ron Brown Middle School
6-8, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/ron-brown
Shaed Education Campus
PK-8, public
Shadd Elementary School
n/a, public
Seaton Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/seaton
Savoy Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/savoy
Rudolph Elementary School
PK-6, public
Ross Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/ross
River Terrace Elementary School
PK-5, public
Randle Highlands Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/randle-highlands
Shepherd Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/shepherd
Marie Reed Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/mariehreed