Albert Hallivis

Foggy Bottom Real Estate Analysis


The name Foggy Bottom often is used as a metonym for the United States Department of State because its headquarters is in the neighborhood, as are the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts; Friendship Lodge Odd Fellows Hall; and the infamous Watergate complex, site of the Watergate burglaries which led to President Richard Nixon‘s resignation. GWU has grown significantly over the past decades and now covers much of the neighborhood, which has many historic old homes and numerous mid-rise apartment buildings.

The southern edge of Foggy Bottom is home to many federal government offices, including the State Department. The Main Interior Building (headquarters of the Department of the Interior), the Bureau of Indian Affairs headquarters, and the Federal Reserve Board buildings all lie on or around Virginia Avenue. To the east lies the Eisenhower Executive Office Building, home to the Executive Office of the President of the United States and the Office of the Vice President of the United States. On the other side of the office is the White House, which is not in the neighborhood.

Foggy Bottom is also home to numerous international and American organizations. The World Bank buildings, the International Finance Corporation, the International Monetary Fund, the Office of Personnel ManagementDAR Constitution Hall of the Daughters of the American Revolution, the American Pharmacists Association, the American Red Cross National Headquarters, thePan American Health Organization, and the Organization of American States are all located in the neighborhood. In addition, the Mexican and Spanish Embassies are located in Foggy Bottom, both on Pennsylvania Avenue.


Just south of the Watergate Complex on the Potomac River lies the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. The Kennedy Center is the home of the National Symphony Orchestra and numerous other theatrical and musical exhibitions. At the eastern edge of the neighborhood is the Corcoran Gallery of Art, whose permanent collection contains works from RembrandtEugène DelacroixEdgar DegasThomas GainsboroughJohn Singer SargentClaude MonetPablo PicassoEdward HopperWillem de KooningJoan MitchellGene Davis, among others. On Virginia Avenue is the Simon Bolivar Memorial. George Washington University’s Lisner Auditorium and Smith Center are frequently home to major concerts, as is DAR Constitution Hall.

The Smith Center has been home to performances such as:

– Mat Kearney

– Jewel (singer)

– BeBe Winans

– Ballet Flamenco de Andalucia

– Bill O’Reilly and Jon Stewart “Rumble In The Air-Conditioned Auditorium”

– Nathalie Paulin and Stephanie Blythe and the Washington Concert Opera Orchestra

– Gilberto Gil

– Washington Concert Opera

– Ken Burns

– Ron Paul



In 1765, the German town of Hamburg was established on what would become the area between 24th and 18th NW Street. Jacob Funk (also known as Jacob Funck), the recorded founder of Hamburg was said to have bought the land and divide into 287 lots of land.  There are reported to be two more founders of the town of Hamburg, Robert Peter and James Linigan. The three had control of the land until 1791 when the territories were given to the city of Washington and the United States government. In the town of Hamburg, a German community was founded by many German immigrants who had left Europe had moved to. In 1768, Funk sold two lots of territory to both the German Lutheran community as well as to the German Presbyterian community. The lot that was sold to the German Lutherans was located on the corner of 20th and G Street. The lot sold to the German Presbyterians was located on the southeast corner of 22nd and G Street. The Lutheran lot would not be in use till the year 1833 and the Presbyterian until the 1880. The lot that was sold to the German Lutheran community was turned into the Concordia German Church.

Foggy Bottom was once a community of white and black laborers employed at the nearby breweries, glass plants, and city gas works. These industrial facilities are also cited as a possible reason for the neighborhood’s name, the “fog” being the smoke given off by the industries. The historic neighborhood is preserved and listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

The Foggy Bottom area was the site of one of the earliest settlements in what is now the District of Columbia, when German settler Jacob Funk subdivided 130 acres (0.53 km2) near the meeting place of the Potomac River and Rock Creek in 1763. The settlement officially was named Hamburgh, but colloquially was called Funkstown, and attracted few settlers until the 1850s, when more industrial enterprises came into the area. Funk also set aside land in Hamburgh for a German-speaking congregation in 1768. Concordia German Evangelical Church, located at 1920 G Street NW was finally founded in 1833. Today the congregation is The United Church, and is the oldest religious community remaining in Foggy Bottom.

Foggy Bottom was also the name of a line of beer by the Olde Heurich Brewing Company, which was founded near Dupont Circle in 1873 by German immigrant Christian Heurich. In addition to its main brand, Heurich, Olde Heurich’s most successful products bore such local names as Senate and Old Georgetown. During the 1950s, Heurich Brewing also sponsored the city’s professional baseball team, the Washington Senators. Industry consolidation led the brewery to cease operations in 1956. In 1961–1962, the brewery buildings were razed to make way for the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. Heurich, Jr., and his two sisters donated a portion of the brewery land to the Kennedy Center in memory of their parents, and established the Christian Heurich Family as one of the Founders of the national cultural center. Although the firm was founded in the Foggy Bottom neighborhood, the modern beer was brewed in UticaNew York.

Since 1912, Foggy Bottom has been the site of The George Washington University’s main campus, which has grown to encompass 42 acres of the area.

The United States Department of State gained the metonym “Foggy Bottom” when it moved into the neighborhood in 1947.


Alley Life

Foggy Bottom, along with the rest of Washington D.C, was designed using the L’Enfant Plan, which created squares of housing with open space left in the middle. Foggy Bottom’s alley life issue emerged during the 1860s when an influx of Irish and German immigrants attempted to move into Foggy Bottom. This influx was a result of the large amount of industrial buildings that were located in Foggy Bottom. There were no immediate houses available for these new immigrants, so they were forced to move into the uninhabited alleys that were located in the middle of the squares. The situation became worse after the Civil War when a wave of newly freed blacks moved to Washington and began populating the alleys.

Construction of the alleys continued until 1892 because the government needed to reduce overcrowding in residential areas. For the next decade, the government largely left the alleys untouched. However, at the turn of the 20th century, the government began relegating more responsibilities and authority to the Health Department, which began demolishing the alleys because of the copious amounts of crime and disease. The living conditions of the inhabitants were quite abysmal, with half of the population sharing or having no toilet facilities. Furthermore, crime was a major problem; a section of Foggy Bottom was nicknamed “Round Tops” because of a well-known gang that was active in the area.

The following decades showed an improvement in the overall living conditions in the alleys of Foggy Bottom. The Health Department’s effort to reduce crime and overcrowding largely succeeded until the 1920’s, when prohibition began being enforced. Because breweries were a major source of income for the inhabitants of Foggy Bottom, prohibition created a new wave of lower-class workers who flocked to the alleys to set up bootleg liquor stores. During this time, the German and the Irish immigrants that had been prevalent since the 1860s began to move out.

In 1934, after conditions in the alley had deteriorated, the government created the Alley Dwelling Authority, a new government entity that specifically dealt with improving Washington D.C.’s alleys. The ADA was authorized to demolish or redevelop any alley if it was deemed to be worth saving or not. The addition of the ADA and the arrival of the Department of State began to improve the living conditions in the alleys over time.

The ADA was given the task of evaluating homes and streets to see if they met proper living conditions. Specific documentation would state the reasons why the area needed to be renovated. This documentation would then be sent from the authority to legislation for approval, individuals in legislation included but not exclusively, Eleanor Roosevelt. Common reasons as to why an area needed to be renovated were: excess of individuals in one home, too many African Americans in and around the area, or the exterior was fading. After the ADA gained approval from legislation, it would then give the occupants of the houses anywhere from two to four months to find a new home. By July 1, 1944, all of the houses in Foggy Bottom had been evacuated and plans were set forward for renovation. This act sought to produce larger living spaces for individuals with better conditions, so that the owners could charge more for rent. Higher rent prices were acceptable at the time because of a boom in available jobs, which created a more competitive supply and demand market for housing. Monthly rent usually ranged anywhere from seventeen dollars to thirty-seven dollars. These prices fluctuated often because of the available jobs and the condition of the houses. Older houses were typically cheaper than new homes, some of which had running water, gas heaters and cooling systems. Statistics suggest that, on average, the greater wealth arose from the majority of white residents, but also that black wealth was steadily increasing due to new job patterns.


The West Station Works

In 1856, the West Station Works, a plant owned and operated by the Washington Gas Light corporation, began being constructed at the intersections of 26th and G St. NW. The construction began the development of the area now occupied by the Watergate building, as well as Foggy Bottom as a whole. The location was chosen for its proximity to the Potomac river, which made it convenient to unload barges of coal for the plant. The daily operation of the West Station Works attracted laborers to the area, most of them unskilled. By 1860, the unskilled population in Foggy Bottom was at 42%, compared to 9% in 1850. The influx of people spurred development in the area, and 40 years after the works were completed, the area fit the description of a proper city. In 1948, the area of land occupied by the West Station Works was purchased by the Watergate Project. The plant was demolished, and the Watergate complex was constructed on the same plot of land. Today, there is no physical remnant of the plant.Change in Demographics

Later into the 20th century, Foggy Bottom witnessed a drastic change in demographics. There was a racial transformation within the area, as a white revival emerged. Many different factors forced out the black population, including the Foggy Bottom Taxpayers Protective Association opposing federal intervention. The renovations enacted by the Alley Dwelling Authority rendered the former inhabitants displaced. Similarly, the West End witnessed the same changes. Another factor of the change in demographics was orchestrated by Theodore G. Bilbo, who called for an “Alley Moving Day” forcing the black population out of the alleys.


Reactions of Renovation from Residents

Resident antidotes suggest that after the Alley Dwelling Authority stepped in, dwellers were satisfied. At first, the common talk was about the need of improvement, as resident Nate Grosa said “ We knew something had to change, and we sort of went aboard with blind faith”.  Their desperation led them to having a blind faith which allowed open mindedness. In the late 1970’s, it was recorded that individuals were pleased with the towns transformation. Many individuals were saying things like “ we live in an area. I consider it, right now, to be one of the most pleasant and diverse neighborhoods in town” and “ what remains of the old building is, I’m afraid, also the things that promotes the present diversity”. Both anecdotes taken from Washington Post article by Nita Nickerson express the change in mood. This was a positive result of the government’s actions.


For more information on Foggy Bottom, visit its Wikipedia page.

Foggy Bottom, Washington Real Estate Listings

Active Listings in Foggy Bottom, Washington

922 24TH ST NW, Unit 610 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 922 24TH ST NW, Unit 610, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8739759)
0 beds 1 bath 465 sqft $1,750
950 25TH ST NW, Unit 102N Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 950 25TH ST NW, Unit 102N, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8738227)
1 bed 1 bath 651 sqft $274,900
2405 I ST NW, Unit 2C Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 2405 I ST NW, Unit 2C, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8736368)
1 bed 1 bath 725 sqft $2,250
901 26TH ST NW Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 901 26TH ST NW, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8735708)
2 beds 3 baths $6,500
2141 I ST NW, Unit 816 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 2141 I ST NW, Unit 816, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8734072)
1 bed 1 bath 509 sqft $1,950
730 24th ST NW, Unit 801 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 730 24th ST NW, Unit 801, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8733536)
0 beds 1 bath 518 sqft $1,690
2401 H ST NW, Unit 414 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 2401 H ST NW, Unit 414, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8732096)
1 bed 1 bath 800 sqft $2,100
3 WASHINGTON CIR NW, Unit 1001 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 3 WASHINGTON CIR NW, Unit 1001, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8729870)
2 beds 2 baths 1,357 sqft $579,000
2401 H ST NW, Unit 704 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 2401 H ST NW, Unit 704, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8729220)
2 beds 1 bath $3,300
700 NEW HAMPSHIRE AVE NW, Unit 505/506 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 700 NEW HAMPSHIRE AVE NW, Unit 505/506, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8728186)
3 beds 4 baths 3,007 sqft $3,300,000
730 24TH ST NW, Unit 50 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 730 24TH ST NW, Unit 50, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8727298)
0 beds 1 bath $33,000
730 24TH ST NW, Unit 217 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 730 24TH ST NW, Unit 217, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8723094)
0 beds 1 bath 520 sqft $199,999
1010 25TH ST NW, Unit 102 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 1010 25TH ST NW, Unit 102, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8723072)
1 bed 1 bath 668 sqft $299,900
922 24TH ST NW, Unit 411 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 922 24TH ST NW, Unit 411, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8722499)
1 bed 1 bath $3,275
2700 VIRGINIA AVE NW, Unit 106 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 2700 VIRGINIA AVE NW, Unit 106, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8717502)
3 beds 3 baths 1,800 sqft $859,000

Sold Listings in Foggy Bottom, Washington

922 24th St Nw #417 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 922 24th St Nw #417, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8713238)
0 beds 1 bath 466 sqft $268,500
2141 I St Nw #503 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 2141 I St Nw #503, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8714033)
0 beds 1 bath 349 sqft $223,500
3 Washington Cir Nw #702 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 3 Washington Cir Nw #702, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8708186)
1 bed 2 baths 860 sqft $2,225
2141 I St Nw #816 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 2141 I St Nw #816, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8706636)
1 bed 1 bath 509 sqft $285,000
2600 Pennsylvania Ave Nw #404 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 2600 Pennsylvania Ave Nw #404, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8707002)
2 beds 2 baths $4,000
955 26th St Nw #608 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 955 26th St Nw #608, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8703424)
1 bed 1 bath 822 sqft $2,500
2413 I St Nw Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 2413 I St Nw, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8698945)
2 beds 2 baths 1,868 sqft $3,900
2527 Queen Annes Ln Nw Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 2527 Queen Annes Ln Nw, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8696527)
2 beds 3 baths $4,400
955 26th St Nw #210 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 955 26th St Nw #210, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8696229)
1 bed 1 bath 866 sqft $479,500
940 25th St Nw #712 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 940 25th St Nw #712, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8687172)
0 beds 1 bath $1,650
700 New Hampshire Ave Nw #802 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 700 New Hampshire Ave Nw #802, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8686054)
2 beds 3 baths 1,702 sqft $580,000
2030 F St Nw #211 Washington, DC 20006
Photo of 2030 F St Nw #211, Washington, DC 20006 (MLS # DC8685417)
0 beds 1 bath 478 sqft $1,700
950 25th Nw #927n Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 950 25th Nw #927n, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8683076)
1 bed 1 bath $2,100
2405 I St Nw #2b Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 2405 I St Nw #2b, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8683624)
1 bed 1 bath 700 sqft $1,950
522 21st St Nw #504 Washington, DC 20006
Photo of 522 21st St Nw #504, Washington, DC 20006 (MLS # DC8666373)
0 beds 1 bath $234,000

Walk Score for Foggy Bottom, Washington

Foggy Bottom, Washington School Data

Washington School Districts

District Of Columbia Public Schools
Cesar Chavez Public Charter Schools for Public Policy
Community Academy Public Charter School (Capcs)
The Next Step Pcs
9-12 & ungraded
Carlos Rosario International Pcs
K-2 & ungraded
Eagle Academy Pcs
Two Rivers Public Charter School Agency
Appletree Early Learning Center Pcs
Bridges Pcs
Early Childhood Academy Pcs
Youth Build Pcs Layc
10-12 & ungraded
The William E. Doar, Junior Public Charter School for the Performing Arts
Education Strenghtens Families Pcs
Washington Latin Public Charter School
Septima Clark Pcs
Arts And Technology Pcs
Booker T. Washington Pcs
9-12 & ungraded
Capital City Pcs
Cesar Chavez Public Pcs
Community Academy Pcs
D.C. Bilingual Pcs
D.C. Preparatory Academy Pcs
E.L. Haynes Pcs
Friendship Pcs
Hope Community Academy Pcs
Hospitality Pcs
Cedar Tree Academy Public Charter School
PK-K, 7-8
Howard University Middle School Of Math And Science
Perry Street Preparatory Pcs
Integrated Design Electronics Academy Idea
Ideal Academy Pcs
Kipp Academy Pcs
PK, 1-12
Latin America Youth Bilingual Montessori
Mary Mcleod Bethune Pcs
Maya Angelou Pcs
6-12 & ungraded
Meridian Pcs
Nia Community PCS
Options Pcs
Paul Public Charter School
Potomac Lighthouse Pcs
Roots Pcs
Sail PCS
Seed Pcs
St. Coletta Special Education Pcs
PK-12 & ungraded
Elsie Whitlow Stokes Communtiy Freedom Pcs
Thurgood Marshall Academy Pcs
Tree Of Life Pcs
Two Rivers Pcs
Washington Latin Pcs
Washington Math Science Pcs
William E. Doar Jr Pcs
Achievement Preparatory Academy Pcs
Center City Pcs
Imagine Southeast Pcs
National Collegiate Prep
Washington Yu Ying Pcs
7-12 & ungraded
Excel Academy Pcs
Inspired Teaching Demonstration Pcs
Shining Stars Montessori Pcs
Richard Wright Pcs For Journalism And Media Arts Pcs
Basis Dc Pcs
Creative Minds Pcs
Dc Scholars Pcs
Mundo Verde Bilingual Pcs
Ingenuity Preparatory Pcs
Sela Pcs
Somerset Pcs
State Operative Agency

Washington Schools

Murch Elementary School
PK-5, public
Moten Elementary School
PK-5, public
Montgomery Elementary School
PK-6, public
Miner Elementary School
PK-5, public
Meyer Elementary School
PK-5, public
Merritt Middle School
PK-8, public
McGogney Elementary School
PK-6, public
Roosevelt High School @ MacFarland
9-12, public
M.C. Terrell / McGogney Elementary School
PK-5, public
Takoma Education Campus
PK-8, public
Stanton Elementary School
PK-5, public
Duke Ellington School of the Arts
9-12 & ungraded, public
Sousa Middle School
6-8, public
Shaw Middle School @ Garnet-Patterson
6-8, public
Ron Brown Middle School
6-8, public
Shaed Education Campus
PK-8, public
Shadd Elementary School
n/a, public
Seaton Elementary School
PK-5, public
Savoy Elementary School
PK-5, public
Rudolph Elementary School
PK-6, public
Ross Elementary School
PK-5, public
River Terrace Elementary School
PK-5, public
Randle Highlands Elementary School
PK-5, public
Shepherd Elementary School
PK-5, public
Marie Reed Elementary School
PK-5, public