Dupont Circle Neighborhood of Washington DC Real Estate Analysis

History

Residence of Senator James G. Blaine in 1900. His home was one of the first mansions built around Dupont Circle, and is one of two still standing.

Dupont Circle is located in the “Old City” of Washington, D.C. — the area planned by architect Pierre Charles L’Enfant — but remained largely undeveloped until after the American Civil War, when there was a large influx of new residents. The area that now constitutes Dupont Circle was once home to a brickyard and slaughterhouse.[3][4] There also was a creek, Slash Run, that ran from 16th Street near Adams Morgan, through Kalorama and within a block of Dupont Circle, but the creek has since been enclosed in a sewer line.[5] Improvements made in the 1870s by a board of public works headed by Alexander “Boss” Shepherd transformed the area into a fashionable residential neighborhood.[6][7]

In 1871 the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers began construction of the traffic circle, then called Pacific Circle, as specified in L’Enfant’s plan. On February 25, 1882, Congress renamed the circle to “Dupont Circle”, and authorized a memorial statue of Samuel Francis Du Pont, in recognition of his service as a rear admiral during the Civil War. The statue, sculpted by Launt Thompson, was erected in 1884, and the circle was landscaped, with exotic flowers and ornamental trees. In 1921, the current double-tiered white marble fountain replaced the statue, which was moved to Rockford Park in Wilmington, Delaware.[8] Daniel Chester French and architect Henry Bacon, the co‑creators of the Lincoln Memorial, designed the fountain, which features carvings of three classical figures symbolizing the sea, the stars and the wind on the fountain’s shaft.[1]

Dupont Circle in 1900

During the 1870s and 1880s, mansions were built along Massachusetts Avenue, one of Washington’s grand avenues, and townhouses were built throughout the neighborhood. In 1872, the British built a new embassy on Connecticut Avenue, at N Street NW.[9] By the 1920s, Connecticut Avenue was more commercial in character, with numerous shops. Some residences, including Senator Philetus Sawyer‘s mansion at Connecticut and R Street, were demolished to make way for office buildings and shops.[10] In 1933, the National Park Service took over administering the circle, and added sandboxes for children, though these were removed a few years later.[11]

Connecticut Avenue was widened in the late 1920s, and increased traffic in the neighborhood caused a great deal of congestion in the circle, making it difficult for pedestrians to get around. Medians were installed in 1948, in the circle, to separate the through traffic on Massachusetts Avenue from the local traffic, and traffic signals were added.[11] In 1949 traffic tunnels[12] and an underground streetcar station were built under the circle as part of the now-defunct Capital Transit project. The tunnels allowed trams and vehicles traveling along Connecticut Avenue to pass more quickly past the circle.[13] When streetcar service ended in 1962, the entrances to the underground station were filled in and paved over, leaving only the traffic tunnel.[14]

Dupont Circle Farmers Market occurs year-round on Sunday mornings

The neighborhood declined after World War II and particularly after the 1968 riots, but began to enjoy a resurgence in the 1970s, fueled by urban pioneers seeking an alternative lifestyle. The neighborhood took on a bohemian feel and became an area popular among the gay and lesbian community. Along with The Castro in San Francisco, Hillcrest in San Diego, Greenwich Village in New York City, Boystown in Chicago, Oak Lawn in Dallas, Montrose in Houston, and West Hollywood in Los Angeles, Dupont Circle is considered a historic locale in the development of American gay identity. D.C.’s first gay bookstore, Lambda Rising, opened in 1974 and gained notoriety nationwide.[15] In 1975, the store ran the world’s first gay-oriented television commercial.[16]

Gentrification accelerated in the 1980s and 1990s, and the area is now a more mainstream and trendy location with coffeehouses, restaurants, bars, and upscale retail stores. Since 1997, a weekly farmers market has operated on 20th Street NW.[17]

Architecture

Homes located on the 2000 block of N Street, NW, are considered some of the city’s finest examples of Second Empire architecture.

The area’s rowhouses, primarily built before 1900, feature variations on the Queen Anne and Richardsonian Romanesque revival styles. Rarer are the palatial mansions and large freestanding houses that line the broad, tree-lined diagonal avenues that intersect the circle. Many of these larger dwellings were built in the styles popular between 1895 and 1910.

One such grand residence is the marble and terra cotta Patterson house at 15 Dupont Circle (currently the Washington Club). This Italianate mansion, the only survivor of the many mansions that once ringed the circle, was built in 1901 by New York architect Stanford White for Robert Patterson, editor of the Chicago Tribune, and his wife Nellie, heiress to the Chicago Tribune fortune. Upon Mrs. Patterson’s incapacitation in the early 1920s, the house passed into the hands of her daughter, Cissy Patterson, who made it a hub of Washington social life. The house served as temporary quarters for President and Mrs. Calvin Coolidge in 1927 while the White House underwent renovation. The Coolidges welcomed Charles Lindbergh as a houseguest after his historic transatlantic flight. Lindbergh made several public appearances at the house, waving to roaring crowds from the second-story balcony, and befriended the Patterson Family, with whom he increasingly came to share isolationist and pro-German views. Cissy Patterson later acquired the Washington Times-Herald (sold to Washington Post in 1954) and declared journalistic warfare on Franklin D. Roosevelt from 15 Dupont Circle, continuing throughout World War II to push her policies, which were echoed in the New York Daily News, run by her brother Joseph Medill Patterson, and the Chicago Tribune, run by their first cousin, Colonel Robert R. McCormick.

Strivers’ Section

The 1700 block of T Street NW, in the Strivers’ Section

Today’s Dupont Circle includes the Strivers’ Section, a small residential area west of 16th Street roughly between Swann Street and Florida Avenue. The Strivers’ Section was an enclave of upper-middle-class African Americans — often community leaders — in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The area includes a row of houses on 17th Street owned by Frederick Douglass and occupied by his son. It takes its name from a turn-of-the-century writer who described the district as “the Striver’s section, a community of Negro aristocracy”.

The area, which was once considered an overlap of the Dupont Circle and Shaw neighborhoods, is today an historic district.[18] Many of its buildings are the original Edwardian-era residences, along with several apartment and condominium buildings and a few small businesses.

Landmarks

Traffic circle

Maypole in Dupont Circle

Snowball fight

The neighborhood is centered around the traffic circle, which is divided between two counterclockwise roads. The outer road serves all the intersecting streets, while access to the inner road is limited to through traffic on Massachusetts Avenue. Connecticut Avenue passes under the circle via a tunnel; vehicles on Connecticut Avenue can access the circle via service roads that branch from Connecticut near N Street and R Street.

The park located within the circle is maintained by the National Park Service. The central fountain designed by Daniel Chester French provides seating, and long, curved benches around the central area were installed in 1964.[11] The park within the circle is a gathering place for those wishing to play chess on the permanent stone chessboards. Tom Murphy, a homeless championship chess player, is a resident.[19] The park has also been the location of political rallies, such as those supporting gay rights and those protesting the 2003 invasion of Iraq, the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund.

In 2009, a tug of war was sponsored by the Washington Project for the Arts.[20]

In 1999 Thelma Billy was arrested handing out Thanksgiving dinner to the homeless.[21][22][23]

For More information on Dupont Circle Visit http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dupont_Circle

Washington Real Estate Listings

Active Listings in Washington

3232 MILITARY RD NW Washington, DC 20015
Photo of 3232 MILITARY RD NW, Washington, DC 20015 (MLS # DC8591247)
3 beds 2 baths 1,495 sqft $749,999
1414 COLUMBIA ST NW Washington, DC 20001
Photo of 1414 COLUMBIA ST NW, Washington, DC 20001 (MLS # DC8591234)
4 beds 3 baths $1,350,000
1726 LANIER PL NW, Unit 6 Washington, DC 20009
Photo of 1726 LANIER PL NW, Unit 6, Washington, DC 20009 (MLS # DC8591210)
2 beds 2 baths 823 sqft $575,000
2850 27TH ST NW Washington, DC 20008
Photo of 2850 27TH ST NW, Washington, DC 20008 (MLS # DC8591008)
12 beds 12 baths $2,790,000
1851 COLUMBIA RD NW, Unit 404 Washington, DC 20009
Photo of 1851 COLUMBIA RD NW, Unit 404, Washington, DC 20009 (MLS # DC8590648)
0 beds 1 bath 515 sqft $349,000
2140 WISCONSIN AVE NW, Unit 5 Washington, DC 20007
Photo of 2140 WISCONSIN AVE NW, Unit 5, Washington, DC 20007 (MLS # DC8590864)
2 beds 3 baths 1,400 sqft $1,099,000
2140 WISCONSIN AVE NW, Unit 3 Washington, DC 20007
Photo of 2140 WISCONSIN AVE NW, Unit 3, Washington, DC 20007 (MLS # DC8590840)
2 beds 3 baths 1,200 sqft $689,900
2140 WISCONSIN AVE NW, Unit 1 Washington, DC 20007
Photo of 2140 WISCONSIN AVE NW, Unit 1, Washington, DC 20007 (MLS # DC8590810)
1 bed 2 baths 700 sqft $399,900
716 K ST NE Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 716 K ST NE, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8591027)
3 beds 4 baths $799,900
1735 JOHNSON AVE NW, Unit B Washington, DC 20009
Photo of 1735 JOHNSON AVE NW, Unit B, Washington, DC 20009 (MLS # DC8590945)
2 beds 2 baths 829 sqft $599,900
2120 VERMONT AVE NW, Unit 10 Washington, DC 20001
Photo of 2120 VERMONT AVE NW, Unit 10, Washington, DC 20001 (MLS # DC8590668)
0 beds 1 bath 399 sqft $305,000
3005 MCKINLEY ST NW Washington, DC 20015
Photo of 3005 MCKINLEY ST NW, Washington, DC 20015 (MLS # DC8590693)
3 beds 3 baths $899,000
1150 K ST NW, Unit 604 Washington, DC 20005
Photo of 1150 K ST NW, Unit 604, Washington, DC 20005 (MLS # DC8590912)
1 bed 1 bath 745 sqft $498,000
4101 CATHEDRAL AVE NW, Unit 514 Washington, DC 20016
Photo of 4101 CATHEDRAL AVE NW, Unit 514, Washington, DC 20016 (MLS # DC8590887)
1 bed 1 bath 1,150 sqft $339,000
1674 EUCLID ST NW, Unit B Washington, DC 20009
Photo of 1674 EUCLID ST NW, Unit B, Washington, DC 20009 (MLS # DC8590390)
2 beds 3 baths 1,191 sqft $609,499
5731 6TH ST NE Washington, DC 20011
Photo of 5731 6TH ST NE, Washington, DC 20011 (MLS # DC8590323)
3 beds 2 baths $325,000
1836 NORTH CAPITOL ST NW Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 1836 NORTH CAPITOL ST NW, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8590233)
3 beds 2 baths $535,000
6317 2ND ST NW Washington, DC 20011
Photo of 6317 2ND ST NW, Washington, DC 20011 (MLS # DC8590029)
4 beds 2 baths $399,950
400 MASSACHUSETTS AVE NW, Unit 1203 Washington, DC 20001
Photo of 400 MASSACHUSETTS AVE NW, Unit 1203, Washington, DC 20001 (MLS # DC8583581)
1 bed 1 bath 870 sqft $440,000
604 A ST NE Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 604 A ST NE, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8588576)
4 beds 4 baths $1,347,000
1435 4TH ST SW, Unit B506 Washington, DC 20024
Photo of 1435 4TH ST SW, Unit B506, Washington, DC 20024 (MLS # DC8571938)
1 bed 1 bath 920 sqft $329,000
700 7TH ST SW, Unit 725 Washington, DC 20024
Photo of 700 7TH ST SW, Unit 725, Washington, DC 20024 (MLS # DC8589829)
2 beds 1 bath 991 sqft $365,000
4329 VAN NESS ST NW Washington, DC 20016
Photo of 4329 VAN NESS ST NW, Washington, DC 20016 (MLS # DC8589691)
3 beds 4 baths $1,395,000
1928 4TH ST NE Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 1928 4TH ST NE, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8589628)
4 beds 3 baths 1,532 sqft $544,990
4125 46TH ST NW Washington, DC 20016
Photo of 4125 46TH ST NW, Washington, DC 20016 (MLS # DC8589606)
4 beds 4 baths $1,200,000
720 MARIETTA PL NW Washington, DC 20011
Photo of 720 MARIETTA PL NW, Washington, DC 20011 (MLS # DC8589577)
3 beds 2 baths 2,226 sqft $435,000
240 16TH ST SE Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 240 16TH ST SE, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8589569)
3 beds 1 bath $435,000
440 L ST NW, Unit 1001 Washington, DC 20001
Photo of 440 L ST NW, Unit 1001, Washington, DC 20001 (MLS # DC8589494)
2 beds 2 baths 825 sqft $545,000
510 9TH ST SE Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 510 9TH ST SE, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8589430)
2 beds 3 baths $949,900
1336 G ST NE Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 1336 G ST NE, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8589264)
4 beds 2 baths 2,116 sqft $630,000

Sold Listings in Washington

1217 35th St Nw Washington, DC 20007
Photo of 1217 35th St Nw, Washington, DC 20007 (MLS # DC8586541)
2 beds 1 bath $550,000
1700 Kalorama Rd Nw #205 Washington, DC 20009
Photo of 1700 Kalorama Rd Nw #205, Washington, DC 20009 (MLS # DC8586383)
1 bed 2 baths $549,000
2501 Calvert St Nw #307 Washington, DC 20008
Photo of 2501 Calvert St Nw #307, Washington, DC 20008 (MLS # DC8580964)
2 beds 2 baths 177 sqft $453,000
3814 Alton Pl Nw Washington, DC 20016
Photo of 3814 Alton Pl Nw, Washington, DC 20016 (MLS # DC8579910)
3 beds 3 baths $1,275,000
1705 P St Nw #2 Washington, DC 20036
Photo of 1705 P St Nw #2, Washington, DC 20036 (MLS # DC8574965)
1 bed 1 bath 488 sqft $365,000
16391641 6th St Nw #8 Washington, DC 20001
Photo of 16391641 6th St Nw #8, Washington, DC 20001 (MLS # DC8573652)
1 bed 1 bath 639 sqft $399,900
3299 K St Nw #404 Washington, DC 20007
Photo of 3299 K St Nw #404, Washington, DC 20007 (MLS # DC8573371)
2 beds 2 baths 1,373 sqft $823,000
711 G St Sw Washington, DC 20024
Photo of 711 G St Sw, Washington, DC 20024 (MLS # DC8571493)
2 beds 3 baths 1,560 sqft $781,700
1820 Potomac Ave Se Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 1820 Potomac Ave Se, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8571590)
3 beds 2 baths $650,000
1529 S St Nw Washington, DC 20009
Photo of 1529 S St Nw, Washington, DC 20009 (MLS # DC8572224)
3 beds 3 baths $1,400,000
2927 Arizona Ave Nw Washington, DC 20016
Photo of 2927 Arizona Ave Nw, Washington, DC 20016 (MLS # DC8572285)
3 beds 2 baths $710,000
1234 Oates St Ne Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 1234 Oates St Ne, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8572438)
3 beds 2 baths $340,000
2712 N St Nw Washington, DC 20007
Photo of 2712 N St Nw, Washington, DC 20007 (MLS # DC8581819)
3 beds 2 baths $1,275,000
3612 Wright Ter Ne Washington, DC 20018
3 beds 3 baths 2,218 sqft $550,410
1000 New Jersey Ave Se #Ph22 Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 1000 New Jersey Ave Se #Ph22, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8570060)
1 bed 1 bath 670 sqft $360,000
3315 Stephenson Pl Nw Washington, DC 20015
Photo of 3315 Stephenson Pl Nw, Washington, DC 20015 (MLS # DC9005688)
4 beds 3 baths $1,120,000
2250 11th St Nw #401 Washington, DC 20001
Photo of 2250 11th St Nw #401, Washington, DC 20001 (MLS # DC8568354)
2 beds 2 baths 1,367 sqft $870,000
1300 13th St Nw #304 Washington, DC 20005
Photo of 1300 13th St Nw #304, Washington, DC 20005 (MLS # DC8568678)
2 beds 2 baths 1,140 sqft $660,000
4204 Embassy Park Dr Nw Washington, DC 20016
Photo of 4204 Embassy Park Dr Nw, Washington, DC 20016 (MLS # DC8568406)
3 beds 3 baths 1,400 sqft $752,000
1300 13TH ST NW, Unit 304 Washington, DC 20005
Photo of 1300 13TH ST NW, Unit 304, Washington, DC 20005 (MLS # DC8568678)
2 beds 2 baths 1,140 sqft $660,000
4318 Warren St Nw Washington, DC 20016
3 beds 3 baths $1,367,500
1001 26th St Nw #707 Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 1001 26th St Nw #707, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8567502)
1 bed 1 bath 660 sqft $317,500
1390 V St Nw #223 Washington, DC 20009
Photo of 1390 V St Nw #223, Washington, DC 20009 (MLS # DC8567423)
1 bed 1 bath 725 sqft $412,000
414 Shepherd St Nw Washington, DC 20011
3 beds 2 baths $400,000
2230 California St Nw #3ae Washington, DC 20008
Photo of 2230 California St Nw #3ae, Washington, DC 20008 (MLS # DC8567053)
3 beds 3 baths $1,355,000
1177 22nd St Nw #7d Washington, DC 20037
Photo of 1177 22nd St Nw #7d, Washington, DC 20037 (MLS # DC8566782)
2 beds 3 baths 2,337 sqft $2,550,000
3601 Connecticut Ave Nw #511 Washington, DC 20008
Photo of 3601 Connecticut Ave Nw #511, Washington, DC 20008 (MLS # DC8585319)
1 bed 1 bath $463,000
422 21st St Ne Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 422 21st St Ne, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8556922)
3 beds 2 baths $433,000
3615 14th St Ne Washington, DC 20017
Photo of 3615 14th St Ne, Washington, DC 20017 (MLS # DC8565342)
3 beds 4 baths $700,000
1839 1st St Nw #2 Washington, DC 20001
Photo of 1839 1st St Nw #2, Washington, DC 20001 (MLS # DC8564700)
2 beds 2 baths 1,100 sqft $490,000

Walk Score for Washington



Washington School Data

Washington School Districts

District Of Columbia Public Schools
PK-12 & ungraded
http://dcps.dc.gov/portal/site/DCPS/
Cesar Chavez Public Charter Schools for Public Policy
9-12
http://www.chavezschools.org/
Community Academy Public Charter School (Capcs)
K-8
http://www.capcs.org/
The Next Step Pcs
9-12 & ungraded
Carlos Rosario International Pcs
K-2 & ungraded
Eagle Academy Pcs
PK-3
Two Rivers Public Charter School Agency
PK-8
Appletree Early Learning Center Pcs
PK
Bridges Pcs
PK-1
Early Childhood Academy Pcs
PK-3
Youth Build Pcs Layc)
10-12 & ungraded
The William E. Doar, Junior Public Charter School for the Performing Arts
PK-5
http://www.wedjschool.us/
Education Strenghtens Families Pcs
PK
Washington Latin Public Charter School
9-12
http://www.edline.net/pages/Washington_Latin_PCS
Septima Clark Pcs
PK-6
Arts And Technology Pcs
PK-5
Booker T. Washington Pcs
9-12 & ungraded
Capital City Pcs
PK-12
Cesar Chavez Public Pcs
6-12
http://www.chavezschools.org/
Community Academy Pcs
PK-8
http://www.capcs.org/
D.C. Bilingual Pcs
PK-5
D.C. Preparatory Academy Pcs
PK-8
http://www.dcprep.org/
E.L. Haynes Pcs
PK-10
Friendship Pcs
PK-12
http://www.friendshipschools.org/
Hope Community Academy Pcs
PK-8
http://www.hopecommunitycs.org/
Hospitality Pcs
9-12
Cedar Tree Academy Public Charter School
PK-K, 7-8
http://www.howardroadacademy.org/
Howard University Middle School Of Math And Science
6-8
Perry Street Preparatory Pcs
PK-12
Integrated Design Electronics Academy Idea)
7-12
Ideal Academy Pcs
PK-8
https://www.iapcs.com/
Kipp Academy Pcs
PK, 1-12
Latin America Youth Bilingual Montessori
PK-5
Mary Mcleod Bethune Pcs
PK-8
Maya Angelou Pcs
6-12 & ungraded
Meridian Pcs
PK-8
Nia Community PCS
PK-6
Options Pcs
6-12
Paul Jhs Pcs
6-9
Potomac Lighthouse Pcs
PK-7
Roots Pcs
PK-8
Sail PCS
K-8
Seed Pcs
6-12
St. Coletta Special Education Pcs
PK-12 & ungraded
Elsie Whitlow Stokes Communtiy Freedom Pcs
PK-6
Thurgood Marshall Academy Pcs
9-12
Tree Of Life Pcs
PK-8
Two Rivers Pcs
PK-8
http://www.tworiverspcs.org/
Washington Latin Pcs
5-12
http://www.edline.net/pages/Washington_Latin_PCS
Washington Math Science Pcs
9-12
William E. Doar Jr Pcs
PK-8
http://www.wedjschool.us/
Achievement Preparatory Academy Pcs
4-8
Center City Pcs
PK-8
http://www.centercitypcs.org/
Imagine Southeast Pcs
PK-7
National Collegiate Prep
9-12
Washington Yu Ying Pcs
PK-5
Dyrs
7-12 & ungraded
Excel Academy Pcs
PK-5
Inspired Teaching Demonstration Pcs
PK-5
Shining Stars Montessori Pcs
PK-1
Richard Wright Pcs For Journalism And Media Arts Pcs
8-12
Basis Dc Pcs
5-9
Creative Minds Pcs
PK-2
Dc Scholars Pcs
PK-3
Mundo Verde Bilingual Pcs
PK-1
Ingenuity Preparatory Pcs
PK-K
Sela Pcs
PK-2
Somerset Pcs
n/a
State Operative Agency
n/a

Washington Schools

Murch Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/murch
Moten Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.motenes.org
Montgomery Elementary School
PK-6, public
Miner Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/miner
Meyer Elementary School
PK-5, public
Merritt Middle School
PK-8, public
McGogney Elementary School
PK-6, public
Roosevelt High School @ MacFarland
9-12, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/roosevelt
M.C. Terrell / McGogney Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/mc-terrell
Takoma Education Campus
PK-8, public
http://www.takomaec.org
Stanton Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/stanton
Duke Ellington School of the Arts
9-12 & ungraded, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/ellington
Sousa Middle School
6-8, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/sousa
Shaw Middle School @ Garnet-Patterson
6-8, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/shaw
Ron Brown Middle School
6-8, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/ron-brown
Shaed Education Campus
PK-8, public
Shadd Elementary School
n/a, public
Seaton Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/seaton
Savoy Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/savoy
Rudolph Elementary School
PK-6, public
Ross Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/ross
River Terrace Elementary School
PK-5, public
Randle Highlands Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/randle-highlands
Shepherd Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/shepherd
Marie Reed Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/mariehreed