Capitol Hill Real Estate Analysis

The U.S. Capitol

Aerial view of Capitol Hill showing the Capitol,Supreme Court BuildingLibrary of Congress, andcongressional office buildings.

Since 1800 the building known as the Capitol has been the home of the Congress of the United States and the workplace of many residents of the Capitol Hill neighborhood. The Capitol is located inside the Capitol Hill historic district listed on the National Register of Historic Places, but it is also listed separately on the NRHP.

The location of the Capitol was chosen by Pierre L’Enfant in his design for the District of Columbia. L’Enfant referred to the hill chosen as the site of the future Congress House as “Jenkins Hill” or “Jenkins Heights”. However, the tract of land had for many years belonged to the Carroll family and was noted in their records of ownership as “New Troy”. While it was rumored that a man named Jenkins had once pastured some livestock at the site of the Capitol (and thus his name was associated with the site), artist John Trumbull, who would paint several murals inside the Capitol’s rotunda, reported in 1791 that the site was covered with a thick wood, making it an unlikely place for livestock to graze. Who Jenkins was and how his name became associated with the hill, as reported by L’Enfant, remains unclear.

Neighborhood history

The neighborhood that is now called Capitol Hill started to develop when the government began work at two locations, the Capitol and theWashington Navy Yard. It became a distinct community between 1799 and 1810 as the federal government became a major employer. The first stage in its early history was that of a boarding house community developed for members of Congress. In the early years of the Republic, few Congressmen wished to establish permanent residence in the city. Instead, most preferred to live in boarding houses within walking distance of the Capitol.

In 1799, the Washington Navy Yard was established on the banks of the Anacostia River, and provided jobs to craftsmen who built and repaired ships. Many of the craftsmen who were employed both at the Navy Yard and in the construction of the Capitol chose to live within walking distance, to the east of the Capitol and the north of the Navy Yard. They became the original residential population of the neighborhood.

In 1801, President Thomas Jefferson selected the location of the Marine Barracks, which had to be within marching distance of both the Capitol and the White House, near the Washington Navy Yard. By 1810, shops, goldsmiths, blacksmiths, and churches were flourishing in the area.

The Civil War resulted in more construction in the Capitol Hill area, including the building of hospitals. Construction of new houses continued in the 1870s and 1880s. The neighborhood began to divide along racial and economic class lines. Electricity, piped water, and plumbing were introduced in the 1890s, and were first available in the downtown areas of the District of Columbia, including Capitol Hill. There was a real estate development boom between 1890 and 1910 as the Capitol Hill area became one of the first neighborhoods having these modern conveniences.

In 1976, the Capitol Hill Historic District was placed on the National Register of Historic Places. It is one of the largest historic districts in the United States.[1] The boundaries of the historic district are irregular, extending southward from F Street NE, as far east as 14th Street, as far west as South Capitol Street, and with a southern limit marked chiefly by Virginia Avenue but including some territory as far south as M Street SE. It includes buildings from the Federal period (1800 to 1820) through 1919, but most of the buildings are late Victorian.

Capitol Hill has remained a fairly stable middle-class neighborhood throughout its existence. It suffered a period of economic decline and rising crime in the mid-20th century but gradually recovered. During the so called “Crack Epidemic” of the 1980s, its fringes were often affected. More recently, the neighborhood has undergone intense gentrification.

Description

Christ Church built 1806 on G Street SE

Capitol Hill’s landmarks include not only the United States Capitol, but also the Senate and House office buildings, the Supreme Court building, the Library of Congress, the Marine Barracks, the Washington Navy Yard, and Congressional Cemetery.

It is, however, largely a residential neighborhood composed predominantly of rowhouses of different stylistic varieties and periods. Side by side exist early 19th century manor houses,Federal townhouses, small frame dwellings, ornate Italianate bracketed houses, and the late 19th century press brick rowhouses with their often whimsical decorative elements combining Richardsonian RomanesqueQueen Anne, and Eastlakian motifs.

The main non-residential corridor of Capitol Hill is Pennsylvania Avenue, a lively commercial street with shops, restaurants and bars. Eastern Market is an 1873 public market on 7th Street SE, where vendors sell fresh meat and produce in indoor stalls and at outdoor farmers’ stands. It is also the site of an outdoor flea market every weekend. After a major fire gutted the main market building on April 30, 2007, it underwent restoration and reopened on June 26, 2009.

Police Substation Number 1

Barracks Row (8th Street SE), so called because of its proximity to the U.S. Marine Barracks, is one of the city’s oldest commercial corridors. It dates to the late 18th century and has recently been revitalized.

A new addition to Capitol Hill is the Community Center aptly named Hill Center. Hill Center is housed in the restored Old Naval Hospital at the corner of 9th and Pennsylvania Avenue SE. The rehabilitation of the Old Naval Hospital combines the restoration of a historically significant landmark with the cutting edge technologies of modern “green” architecture. Hill Center is a vibrant new home for cultural, educational, and civic life on Capitol Hill.

Recent estimates in Capitol Hill newspapers suggest as many as a third of all Members of Congress live on Capitol Hill while in Washington.

Famous people who were born in the Capitol Hill neighborhood include John Philip Sousa (whose birthplace, on G St., near Christ Church is still standing) and J. Edgar HooverFrederick Douglass‘s former house can be found in the 300 block of A Street Northeast. In the 1970s, the Douglass house was used as an African Art Museum by Warren M. Robbins.

Capitol Hill has several local community newspapers, such as the Hill Rag. The Voice of the Hill closed in May 2010.

Capitol Hill, Washington Real Estate Listings

Active Listings in Capitol Hill, Washington

611 2nd St Ne #3 Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 611 2nd St Ne #3, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8522304)
2 beds 2 baths 767 sqft $0
6241/2 8TH ST NE, Unit 101 Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 6241/2 8TH ST NE, Unit 101, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8520992)
3 beds 3 baths 2,672 sqft $899,900
401 15TH ST SE, Unit 303 Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 401 15TH ST SE, Unit 303, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8519967)
1 bed 1 bath 524 sqft $345,000
401 15TH ST SE, Unit 404 Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 401 15TH ST SE, Unit 404, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8519965)
2 beds 2 baths 524 sqft $619,000
401 15TH ST SE, Unit 302 Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 401 15TH ST SE, Unit 302, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8519963)
2 beds 2 baths 933 sqft $549,000
1217 Potomac Ave Se Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 1217 Potomac Ave Se, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8519590)
3 beds 3 baths $0
904 CONSTITUTION AVE NE Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 904 CONSTITUTION AVE NE, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8518568)
4 beds 3 baths 2,496 sqft $975,000
327 10TH ST SE, Unit 6 Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 327 10TH ST SE, Unit 6, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8519123)
1 bed 1 bath 500 sqft $290,000
664 E ST NE Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 664 E ST NE, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8517720)
3 beds 3 baths $685,000
116 NORTH CAROLINA AVE SE, Unit 404 Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 116 NORTH CAROLINA AVE SE, Unit 404, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8514000)
1 bed 1 bath 440 sqft $329,500
333 2ND ST NE, Unit 306 Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 333 2ND ST NE, Unit 306, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8513184)
1 bed 1 bath 586 sqft $329,900
1816 D ST NE, Unit 1 Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 1816 D ST NE, Unit 1, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8512970)
2 beds 2 baths 1,140 sqft $439,000
1816 D ST NE, Unit 3 Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 1816 D ST NE, Unit 3, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8512968)
2 beds 2 baths 1,200 sqft $499,000
127 18TH ST SE Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 127 18TH ST SE, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8512958)
4 beds 3 baths $738,500
419 7TH ST SE Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 419 7TH ST SE, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8512301)
4 beds 4 baths 2,082 sqft $1,250,000

Sold Listings in Capitol Hill, Washington

611 2nd St Ne #3 Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 611 2nd St Ne #3, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8522304)
2 beds 2 baths 767 sqft $0
1217 Potomac Ave Se Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 1217 Potomac Ave Se, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8519590)
3 beds 3 baths $0
125 15th St Ne #5 Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 125 15th St Ne #5, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8509530)
2 beds 2 baths 1,118 sqft $0
1024 5th St Ne Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 1024 5th St Ne, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8505335)
3 beds 3 baths 2,088 sqft $0
515 C St Ne Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 515 C St Ne, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8503850)
6 beds 7 baths $0
1306 Corbin Pl Ne Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 1306 Corbin Pl Ne, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8503175)
3 beds 3 baths $0
705 6th St Ne Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 705 6th St Ne, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8501075)
3 beds 3 baths $0
405 11th St Se Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 405 11th St Se, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8501030)
3 beds 2 baths 1,917 sqft $0
415 12th St Ne Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 415 12th St Ne, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8497928)
3 beds 4 baths $0
111 4th St Se Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 111 4th St Se, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8498394)
2 beds 3 baths $0
1602 Isherwood St Ne #3 Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 1602 Isherwood St Ne #3, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8497163)
2 beds 1 bath $0
1371 Emerald St Ne Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 1371 Emerald St Ne, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8497767)
3 beds 2 baths $0
245 Tennessee Ave Ne Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 245 Tennessee Ave Ne, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8497599)
3 beds 4 baths $0
131 D St Se Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 131 D St Se, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8496466)
2 beds 2 baths 1,640 sqft $0
1391 Pennsylvania Ave Se #335 Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 1391 Pennsylvania Ave Se #335, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8492907)
2 beds 2 baths 832 sqft $0

Walk Score for Capitol Hill, Washington



Capitol Hill, Washington School Data

Washington School Districts

District Of Columbia Public Schools
PK-12 & ungraded
http://dcps.dc.gov/portal/site/DCPS/
Cesar Chavez Public Charter Schools for Public Policy
9-12
http://www.chavezschools.org/
Community Academy Public Charter School (Capcs)
K-8
http://www.capcs.org/
The Next Step Pcs
9-12 & ungraded
Carlos Rosario International Pcs
K-2 & ungraded
Eagle Academy Pcs
PK-3
Two Rivers Public Charter School Agency
PK-8
Appletree Early Learning Center Pcs
PK
Bridges Pcs
PK-1
Early Childhood Academy Pcs
PK-3
Youth Build Pcs Layc)
10-12 & ungraded
The William E. Doar, Junior Public Charter School for the Performing Arts
PK-5
http://www.wedjschool.us/
Education Strenghtens Families Pcs
PK
Washington Latin Public Charter School
9-12
http://www.edline.net/pages/Washington_Latin_PCS
Septima Clark Pcs
PK-6
Arts And Technology Pcs
PK-5
Booker T. Washington Pcs
9-12 & ungraded
Capital City Pcs
PK-12
Cesar Chavez Public Pcs
6-12
http://www.chavezschools.org/
Community Academy Pcs
PK-8
http://www.capcs.org/
D.C. Bilingual Pcs
PK-5
D.C. Preparatory Academy Pcs
PK-8
http://www.dcprep.org/
E.L. Haynes Pcs
PK-10
Friendship Pcs
PK-12
http://www.friendshipschools.org/
Hope Community Academy Pcs
PK-8
http://www.hopecommunitycs.org/
Hospitality Pcs
9-12
Cedar Tree Academy Public Charter School
PK-K, 7-8
http://www.howardroadacademy.org/
Howard University Middle School Of Math And Science
6-8
Perry Street Preparatory Pcs
PK-12
Integrated Design Electronics Academy Idea)
7-12
Ideal Academy Pcs
PK-8
https://www.iapcs.com/
Kipp Academy Pcs
PK, 1-12
Latin America Youth Bilingual Montessori
PK-5
Mary Mcleod Bethune Pcs
PK-8
Maya Angelou Pcs
6-12 & ungraded
Meridian Pcs
PK-8
Nia Community PCS
PK-6
Options Pcs
6-12
Paul Jhs Pcs
6-9
Potomac Lighthouse Pcs
PK-7
Roots Pcs
PK-8
Sail PCS
K-8
Seed Pcs
6-12
St. Coletta Special Education Pcs
PK-12 & ungraded
Elsie Whitlow Stokes Communtiy Freedom Pcs
PK-6
Thurgood Marshall Academy Pcs
9-12
Tree Of Life Pcs
PK-8
Two Rivers Pcs
PK-8
http://www.tworiverspcs.org/
Washington Latin Pcs
5-12
http://www.edline.net/pages/Washington_Latin_PCS
Washington Math Science Pcs
9-12
William E. Doar Jr Pcs
PK-8
http://www.wedjschool.us/
Achievement Preparatory Academy Pcs
4-8
Center City Pcs
PK-8
http://www.centercitypcs.org/
Imagine Southeast Pcs
PK-7
National Collegiate Prep
9-12
Washington Yu Ying Pcs
PK-5
Dyrs
7-12 & ungraded
Excel Academy Pcs
PK-5
Inspired Teaching Demonstration Pcs
PK-5
Shining Stars Montessori Pcs
PK-1
Richard Wright Pcs For Journalism And Media Arts Pcs
8-12
Basis Dc Pcs
5-9
Creative Minds Pcs
PK-2
Dc Scholars Pcs
PK-3
Mundo Verde Bilingual Pcs
PK-1
Ingenuity Preparatory Pcs
PK-K
Sela Pcs
PK-2
Somerset Pcs
n/a
State Operative Agency
n/a

Washington Schools

Murch Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/murch
Moten Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.motenes.org
Montgomery Elementary School
PK-6, public
Miner Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/miner
Meyer Elementary School
PK-5, public
Merritt Middle School
PK-8, public
McGogney Elementary School
PK-6, public
Roosevelt High School @ MacFarland
9-12, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/roosevelt
M.C. Terrell / McGogney Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/mc-terrell
Takoma Education Campus
PK-8, public
http://www.takomaec.org
Stanton Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/stanton
Duke Ellington School of the Arts
9-12 & ungraded, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/ellington
Sousa Middle School
6-8, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/sousa
Shaw Middle School @ Garnet-Patterson
6-8, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/shaw
Ron Brown Middle School
6-8, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/ron-brown
Shaed Education Campus
PK-8, public
Shadd Elementary School
n/a, public
Seaton Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/seaton
Savoy Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/savoy
Rudolph Elementary School
PK-6, public
Ross Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/ross
River Terrace Elementary School
PK-5, public
Randle Highlands Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/randle-highlands
Shepherd Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/shepherd
Marie Reed Elementary School
PK-5, public
http://www.dcps.dc.gov/DCPS/mariehreed