Albert Hallivis

Capitol Hill Real Estate Analysis

The U.S. Capitol

Aerial view of Capitol Hill showing the Capitol,Supreme Court BuildingLibrary of Congress, andcongressional office buildings.

Since 1800 the building known as the Capitol has been the home of the Congress of the United States and the workplace of many residents of the Capitol Hill neighborhood. The Capitol is located inside the Capitol Hill historic district listed on the National Register of Historic Places, but it is also listed separately on the NRHP.

The location of the Capitol was chosen by Pierre L’Enfant in his design for the District of Columbia. L’Enfant referred to the hill chosen as the site of the future Congress House as “Jenkins Hill” or “Jenkins Heights”. However, the tract of land had for many years belonged to the Carroll family and was noted in their records of ownership as “New Troy”. While it was rumored that a man named Jenkins had once pastured some livestock at the site of the Capitol (and thus his name was associated with the site), artist John Trumbull, who would paint several murals inside the Capitol’s rotunda, reported in 1791 that the site was covered with a thick wood, making it an unlikely place for livestock to graze. Who Jenkins was and how his name became associated with the hill, as reported by L’Enfant, remains unclear.

Neighborhood history

The neighborhood that is now called Capitol Hill started to develop when the government began work at two locations, the Capitol and theWashington Navy Yard. It became a distinct community between 1799 and 1810 as the federal government became a major employer. The first stage in its early history was that of a boarding house community developed for members of Congress. In the early years of the Republic, few Congressmen wished to establish permanent residence in the city. Instead, most preferred to live in boarding houses within walking distance of the Capitol.

In 1799, the Washington Navy Yard was established on the banks of the Anacostia River, and provided jobs to craftsmen who built and repaired ships. Many of the craftsmen who were employed both at the Navy Yard and in the construction of the Capitol chose to live within walking distance, to the east of the Capitol and the north of the Navy Yard. They became the original residential population of the neighborhood.

In 1801, President Thomas Jefferson selected the location of the Marine Barracks, which had to be within marching distance of both the Capitol and the White House, near the Washington Navy Yard. By 1810, shops, goldsmiths, blacksmiths, and churches were flourishing in the area.

The Civil War resulted in more construction in the Capitol Hill area, including the building of hospitals. Construction of new houses continued in the 1870s and 1880s. The neighborhood began to divide along racial and economic class lines. Electricity, piped water, and plumbing were introduced in the 1890s, and were first available in the downtown areas of the District of Columbia, including Capitol Hill. There was a real estate development boom between 1890 and 1910 as the Capitol Hill area became one of the first neighborhoods having these modern conveniences.

In 1976, the Capitol Hill Historic District was placed on the National Register of Historic Places. It is one of the largest historic districts in the United States.[1] The boundaries of the historic district are irregular, extending southward from F Street NE, as far east as 14th Street, as far west as South Capitol Street, and with a southern limit marked chiefly by Virginia Avenue but including some territory as far south as M Street SE. It includes buildings from the Federal period (1800 to 1820) through 1919, but most of the buildings are late Victorian.

Capitol Hill has remained a fairly stable middle-class neighborhood throughout its existence. It suffered a period of economic decline and rising crime in the mid-20th century but gradually recovered. During the so called “Crack Epidemic” of the 1980s, its fringes were often affected. More recently, the neighborhood has undergone intense gentrification.


Christ Church built 1806 on G Street SE

Capitol Hill’s landmarks include not only the United States Capitol, but also the Senate and House office buildings, the Supreme Court building, the Library of Congress, the Marine Barracks, the Washington Navy Yard, and Congressional Cemetery.

It is, however, largely a residential neighborhood composed predominantly of rowhouses of different stylistic varieties and periods. Side by side exist early 19th century manor houses,Federal townhouses, small frame dwellings, ornate Italianate bracketed houses, and the late 19th century press brick rowhouses with their often whimsical decorative elements combining Richardsonian RomanesqueQueen Anne, and Eastlakian motifs.

The main non-residential corridor of Capitol Hill is Pennsylvania Avenue, a lively commercial street with shops, restaurants and bars. Eastern Market is an 1873 public market on 7th Street SE, where vendors sell fresh meat and produce in indoor stalls and at outdoor farmers’ stands. It is also the site of an outdoor flea market every weekend. After a major fire gutted the main market building on April 30, 2007, it underwent restoration and reopened on June 26, 2009.

Police Substation Number 1

Barracks Row (8th Street SE), so called because of its proximity to the U.S. Marine Barracks, is one of the city’s oldest commercial corridors. It dates to the late 18th century and has recently been revitalized.

A new addition to Capitol Hill is the Community Center aptly named Hill Center. Hill Center is housed in the restored Old Naval Hospital at the corner of 9th and Pennsylvania Avenue SE. The rehabilitation of the Old Naval Hospital combines the restoration of a historically significant landmark with the cutting edge technologies of modern “green” architecture. Hill Center is a vibrant new home for cultural, educational, and civic life on Capitol Hill.

Recent estimates in Capitol Hill newspapers suggest as many as a third of all Members of Congress live on Capitol Hill while in Washington.

Famous people who were born in the Capitol Hill neighborhood include John Philip Sousa (whose birthplace, on G St., near Christ Church is still standing) and J. Edgar HooverFrederick Douglass‘s former house can be found in the 300 block of A Street Northeast. In the 1970s, the Douglass house was used as an African Art Museum by Warren M. Robbins.

Capitol Hill has several local community newspapers, such as the Hill Rag. The Voice of the Hill closed in May 2010.

Capitol Hill, Washington Real Estate Listings

Active Listings in Capitol Hill, Washington

305 10TH ST SE Washington, DC 20003
2 beds 3 baths $3,250
1801 MASSACHUSETTS AVE SE Washington, DC 20003
4 beds 4 baths $979,000
30 6TH ST SE Washington, DC 20003
6 beds 4 baths $6,100
716 SOUTH CAROLINA AVE SE Washington, DC 20003
2 beds 3 baths $4,800
410 15TH ST NE, Unit 5 Washington, DC 20002
2 beds 2 baths 721 sqft $399,000
131 DUDDINGTON PL SE Washington, DC 20003
3 beds 2 baths 1,864 sqft $729,000
1231 PENNSYLVANIA AVE SE Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 1231 PENNSYLVANIA AVE SE, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8678310)
2 beds 2 baths $2,650
32 15TH ST NE, Unit 32 Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 32 15TH ST NE, Unit 32, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8677880)
1 bed 1 bath 709 sqft $364,900
318 10TH ST NE Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 318 10TH ST NE, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8677768)
2 beds 4 baths $749,000
1607 E CAPITOL ST SE Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 1607 E CAPITOL ST SE, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8677631)
3 beds 3 baths 1,276 sqft $749,900
725 5TH ST SE, Unit 24 Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 725 5TH ST SE, Unit 24, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8677463)
2 beds 2 baths 1,494 sqft $879,900
525 6TH ST SE Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 525 6TH ST SE, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8676346)
2 beds 2 baths $679,000
322 MARYLAND AVE NE Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 322 MARYLAND AVE NE, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8672694)
4 beds 4 baths $1,249,000
107 5TH ST SE Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 107 5TH ST SE, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8671552)
4 beds 3 baths 2,626 sqft $1,535,000
919 NORTH CAROLINA AVE SE Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 919 NORTH CAROLINA AVE SE, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8669933)
4 beds 3 baths $1,399,000

Sold Listings in Capitol Hill, Washington

226 5th St Se #101 Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 226 5th St Se #101, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8672437)
1 bed 1 bath 550 sqft $357,500
226 5TH ST SE, Unit 101 Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 226 5TH ST SE, Unit 101, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8672437)
1 bed 1 bath 550 sqft $357,250
2 Browns Ct Se Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 2 Browns Ct Se, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8658000)
2 beds 1 bath $1,750
2 BROWNS CT SE Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 2 BROWNS CT SE, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8658000)
2 beds 1 bath $1,750
312 5th St Ne Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 312 5th St Ne, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8656642)
2 beds 2 baths $783,000
1518 E St Se Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 1518 E St Se, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8649279)
4 beds 4 baths 1,911 sqft $1,000,999
911 K St Ne Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 911 K St Ne, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8647016)
3 beds 2 baths $797,000
214 6th St Se Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 214 6th St Se, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8646812)
3 beds 1 bath $877,000
207 C St Se Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 207 C St Se, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8639899)
2 beds 2 baths 1,638 sqft $789,500
816 D St Ne Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 816 D St Ne, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8644289)
3 beds 3 baths 1,602 sqft $780,000
752 9th St Se #301 Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 752 9th St Se #301, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8643812)
2 beds 1 bath 826 sqft $517,500
210 11th St Se Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 210 11th St Se, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8637500)
3 beds 2 baths 1,814 sqft $825,000
1253 F St Ne Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 1253 F St Ne, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8640919)
2 beds 2 baths 1,168 sqft $522,000
1019 Constitution Ave Ne Washington, DC 20002
Photo of 1019 Constitution Ave Ne, Washington, DC 20002 (MLS # DC8637397)
2 beds 3 baths $906,000
1391 Pennsylvania Ave Se #214 Washington, DC 20003
Photo of 1391 Pennsylvania Ave Se #214, Washington, DC 20003 (MLS # DC8637176)
2 beds 2 baths 1,082 sqft $536,000

Walk Score for Capitol Hill, Washington

Capitol Hill, Washington School Data

Washington School Districts

District Of Columbia Public Schools
PK-12 & ungraded
Cesar Chavez Public Charter Schools for Public Policy
Community Academy Public Charter School (Capcs)
The Next Step Pcs
9-12 & ungraded
Carlos Rosario International Pcs
K-2 & ungraded
Eagle Academy Pcs
Two Rivers Public Charter School Agency
Appletree Early Learning Center Pcs
Bridges Pcs
Early Childhood Academy Pcs
Youth Build Pcs Layc)
10-12 & ungraded
The William E. Doar, Junior Public Charter School for the Performing Arts
Education Strenghtens Families Pcs
Washington Latin Public Charter School
Septima Clark Pcs
Arts And Technology Pcs
Booker T. Washington Pcs
9-12 & ungraded
Capital City Pcs
Cesar Chavez Public Pcs
Community Academy Pcs
D.C. Bilingual Pcs
D.C. Preparatory Academy Pcs
E.L. Haynes Pcs
Friendship Pcs
Hope Community Academy Pcs
Hospitality Pcs
Cedar Tree Academy Public Charter School
PK-K, 7-8
Howard University Middle School Of Math And Science
Perry Street Preparatory Pcs
Integrated Design Electronics Academy Idea)
Ideal Academy Pcs
Kipp Academy Pcs
PK, 1-12
Latin America Youth Bilingual Montessori
Mary Mcleod Bethune Pcs
Maya Angelou Pcs
6-12 & ungraded
Meridian Pcs
Nia Community PCS
Options Pcs
Paul Jhs Pcs
Potomac Lighthouse Pcs
Roots Pcs
Sail PCS
Seed Pcs
St. Coletta Special Education Pcs
PK-12 & ungraded
Elsie Whitlow Stokes Communtiy Freedom Pcs
Thurgood Marshall Academy Pcs
Tree Of Life Pcs
Two Rivers Pcs
Washington Latin Pcs
Washington Math Science Pcs
William E. Doar Jr Pcs
Achievement Preparatory Academy Pcs
Center City Pcs
Imagine Southeast Pcs
National Collegiate Prep
Washington Yu Ying Pcs
7-12 & ungraded
Excel Academy Pcs
Inspired Teaching Demonstration Pcs
Shining Stars Montessori Pcs
Richard Wright Pcs For Journalism And Media Arts Pcs
Basis Dc Pcs
Creative Minds Pcs
Dc Scholars Pcs
Mundo Verde Bilingual Pcs
Ingenuity Preparatory Pcs
Sela Pcs
Somerset Pcs
State Operative Agency

Washington Schools

Murch Elementary School
PK-5, public
Moten Elementary School
PK-5, public
Montgomery Elementary School
PK-6, public
Miner Elementary School
PK-5, public
Meyer Elementary School
PK-5, public
Merritt Middle School
PK-8, public
McGogney Elementary School
PK-6, public
Roosevelt High School @ MacFarland
9-12, public
M.C. Terrell / McGogney Elementary School
PK-5, public
Takoma Education Campus
PK-8, public
Stanton Elementary School
PK-5, public
Duke Ellington School of the Arts
9-12 & ungraded, public
Sousa Middle School
6-8, public
Shaw Middle School @ Garnet-Patterson
6-8, public
Ron Brown Middle School
6-8, public
Shaed Education Campus
PK-8, public
Shadd Elementary School
n/a, public
Seaton Elementary School
PK-5, public
Savoy Elementary School
PK-5, public
Rudolph Elementary School
PK-6, public
Ross Elementary School
PK-5, public
River Terrace Elementary School
PK-5, public
Randle Highlands Elementary School
PK-5, public
Shepherd Elementary School
PK-5, public
Marie Reed Elementary School
PK-5, public